Test Automation using Robot Framework

Aug 31, 2020

In this article, I will explain how we can prepare and manage automation test cases in a better way with Robot Framework.

As an example, let’s look at below list of test cases.

In the above image, first column is Test Case Number

Second column is Page name and Third column is actual test case that we need to automate.

So we need to write automation scripts for Payer - Order details page

The very first step that we need to take is to prepare page wise resource file in Robot Framework.


For our example, Order.robot

In this file, we will define different keywords based on different functionalities of Order page.

For example, there will be one keyword defined to open Order menu item i.e. Open Order Menu – Payer

We can define one more keyword to search order number with the use of filter.

Similarly, we can define other keywords like opening of any order based on search results etc. See the below image:


This way we can define various keywords based on page object model for different pages.

Now, for our actual test cases, we simply need to call these keywords as and when required after importing its respective resource files.


As you can see in the above image, we can simply convert manual test steps into automation steps.

We can add verification points in our test cases based on test case requirement and group all these test cases under one test suite.

We can run the test suit and on successful completion of test run, we will get report similar to below image.


This is the fastest way to implement test automation using Robot Framework.

Hope this information will be useful to you if you are starting a new automation project and analyzing how to manage automation scripts in a better way.

Harshal Shah

About the Author

Harshal Shah

This is Harshal and I have 15+ years of experience in QA and Software Testing. In my professional career, I have headed QA department in different Product based companies. My area of interest includes defining QA processes from scratch, QA documentations, Software Testing and Automation.